However, with CO 2 elevation comes a myriad of other abiotic factors, including a rise in average temperature Dahal et al.
In this case, the first paragraph discussed findings of increased wheat growth in the presence of increased CO 2. The second paragraph discusses multiple findings that show negative effects on wheat quality at higher temperatures, which are associated with increased CO 2. Concurrently the crop experiences a shorter growth period, finishing their growth cycle earlier than normal.
The rise in temperature, while hastening growth time, had a negative effect on crop yield and quality, suggesting that while elevated CO 2 may increase growth processes, accompanying abiotic influences such as temperature increases may be detrimental to crop growth. Asseng et al. Fang et al. Another method of organising your body paragraphs is to group papers together that have found different or contradictory results related to the same topic. This helps you to demonstrate your understanding of the literature and highlights the inconsistencies between findings. The example assignment body paragraph below is an example of how this can be done.
In order to carry out self-regulation, patients must be able and encouraged to exert their autonomy, and be supported in such a way that they develop internalised motivations to do so, as suggested by SDT. Gourlan et al. Patients were assumed to have performed such self-regulation due to the intrinsic origin of motivation to complete such tasks Gourlan et al.
However not all literature supports this conclusion. Sripada et al. This paragraph describes some discrepancy between different findings related to Self-Determination Theory needs including motivation and autonomy and the maintenance of healthy behaviours such as exercise and treatment adherence. This tells the audience you have achieved what you set out to achieve.
Then highlight the key points you discussed. The conclusion starts specific and finishes broad - the opposite structure to your introduction. The example below demonstrates the structural elements of a conclusion. Click on the icons next to the paragraph to see the comments. This review aimed to examine the emotional perception of self and others, and assessed the neurobiological underpinnings of Narcissistic Personality Disorder NPD in an attempt to improve understanding of the characteristics and development of the disorder.
While findings are relatively inconsistent in regards to self-esteem in NPD, there is a definite influence of narcissistic traits grandiosity, self-worth etc. Linking to impaired self-perception, NPD individuals also showed decreased ability to perceive and process the emotions of others. The presence of physical neural deficiencies provides a model which offers explanation for the previous two characteristics of NPD, as deficits in the prefrontal cortex have been linked to the impairment of emotional processing.
These sentences restate the research aim and demonstrate how the review has achieved the aim, as well as the key points that were discussed in the body.
Free Essays from Bartleby | Literature Review The purpose of this research project is for you to create a scholarly piece of graduate-level research and. The literature review is generally in the format of a standard essay made up of three components: an introduction, a body and a conclusion.
As positive emotion was found to be counter-transferrable and also beneficial to both therapists and NPD patients, developing therapies based around emotionally nourishing environments may decrease NPD traits and provide a stepping stone towards permanent treatment options. These sentences provide recommendations for future studies and research based on the findings of this review. Paraphrasing and summarising are key skills required in a literature review.
In literature reviews, you may want to summarise similar findings by including several sources within a single citation.
Citing several published works at once can demonstrate your understanding of the patterns and consensus in the literature. You can find instructions for how to do this for each of the different referencing styles in the Library citing and referencing guide , but as a general rule, this can be done as follows:. If you want to refer to a small number of literature sources at once, you can list each of them within the citation at the end of the relevant information, separated by semicolons.
Only a few epidemiologic investigations have assessed the intake of chocolate products as part of a food frequency questionnaire FFQ Arts et al. If there are many studies that have reported a similar finding and you only want to include some of them, you can use the letters e. This tells the reader that these are a selection of sources of this information, rather than the full list. Many epidemiologic studies have explored the beneficial effects of green tea, soy beans, and other foods containing polyphenols e.
Monash students can access Research and Learning drop-in sessions at the Library. You may also find helpful the literature review resources in the Graduate Research and Writing section of Research and Learning Online. Skip to content Skip to navigation. What is academic integrity? How can I study with integrity? Test your understanding Find out more Case note assignment Understanding case notes and marker expectations Identifying the elements of a case note Finding materials Analysing materials Better writing Summary Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences Health Sciences case report Reflective writing and critical incidents Writing in Psychological Medicine 1.
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Management Writing an annotated bibliography Poster presentation Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Essay writing in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science Reflective practice in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Science Writing a Science lab report The stand-alone literature review The annotated bibliography The poster presentation. Introduction Literature reviews can be stand-alone documents, or they can form part of a research proposal or project.
This tutorial will cover: The purpose of a literature review Choosing your topic Structure of a literature review Tips for writing the literature review. Need a great example of a literature review? So let's talk about what is a literature review? This is an essential part of a Ph. Thus, it is important to do it properly. In fact, its format is similar to a casual essay. If you have an idea of how to write a literary essay you should not face any troubles with creating a literature review. However, to make the whole process simpler and less stressful for you, we offer you to take a look at the following plan that perfectly demonstrates the right design and content of this paper's structure.
The text should consist of three basic components. These components are the same for all academic papers, so you definitely have heard of them — an intro, main body, and a summary conclusion and below you can find a detailed explanation to every part. A good intro has to meet the following criteria:. This section has to include the following:. This is a standard literature review essay structure. Often students underestimate the importance of following the proper structure in a literature review and it is a huge mistake that can cost you a grade and thus, it is an important nuance.
Search for strong literature in:. Investigate the sources cited by authors within their own reports. This will yield further data on your topic. Because of the quantity of information, as well as time limits and deadlines, you must be able to locate relevant data efficiently. Skim and scan texts for content that supports your work.
Use keyword searches in electronic databases. As you accumulate information, make notes on thoughts and reactions and critique findings systematically. Remember to record the necessary details for complete citations of facts and quotes used in your paper.
The review follows an introduction, body, and conclusion structure. There are different ways to organize the commentary on the collection of sources. The most popular systems are chronological and topical. Chronological organization presents an analysis of the oldest to most recent studies. Topical organization groups findings by themes, or common issues they address.
You can also arrange work in order of importance. Whichever system you choose, make sure:. Before writing, collect adequate data that has been analyzed, criticized, and compared. Forming the backbone of your research paper, the review should cover every appropriate angle that gives cause to your work.